In The Resources, Products and Industrial Historsof Birminsham and the Midland Hardware District, edited y Samuel t,mmins. Over the years, the cut nail has faced the problem of competition with its rival the wire nail and its history as the first common nail. Here we describe antique and modern cut nails focusing on tree nails, wrought nails, and cut nails used in wood frame construction or interior finishing or carpentry work. The head is usually round or rectangular but sometimes has an off-center notch. Below is a modern cut nail showing the uniformly convex head on both sides of the nail head. There could be several reasons for splitting. For other uses, the Box nail, Headless Brad, Flooring, and Fine Finish nails can also be counter-sunk.
But in the end the round wire nail became the universal standard and still is today. The hole tapers larger just below the tip of the header. But the most straightforward method of all construction techniques is the use of a fastener, an external device that holds two pieces of wood together without additional shaping of the wood and the simplest fastener is a nail—in essence a tapered metal dowel inserted by the brute force of a hammer blow. Any larger board should have no more than six inches between the nails. When placing the shank into the header, learn to always orient it the same way so your first heading blow always is always aimed the same way, with the same effect, that is; to center the head over the shank. Most of the time I am making them as part of a demonstration to the public. Jay makes his headers from wrought iron with an oval-shaped W1 dome forge welded on top of the wrought iron stock at the heading area.
In other words, like everything that comes out of our world class factory, our wrought iron clavos are fine are quality, and built to stand the test of time. The company is also prepared to consider special projects, for example, it produced a bronze boat nail for the building of the replica ship the 'Matthew' that in the year 2000 re-traced the 500 year old voyage of John Cabot who discovered New Foundland. These nails were made one by one by a blacksmith or nailor from square iron rod. If I could have found cut nails with the right sized heads, I would have rated this product excellent but with a little work,my project and the nails came out Very Good! Well, nails are made one at a time- just like all of the other components of the building. A perfectly reasonable price for a hand-made nail.
Obviously, a different header will be required for each different cross section of nail needed. In turn, nail details can establish the time of original construction of a building and the time of modifications to the structure. The shaft of each exhibits cutting marks where the nail is stamped out of a sheet of iron in much the same manner as a cookie cutter. For centuries, the stock for nails would be hand slit into square cross section from iron that had been pounded out. What is the most popular flooring nail? These nails are the ones that I haven't sold yet.
Tremont supplies restoration contractors and others working on historic buildings and for historians, Tremont offers a reference set of modern reproductions of old nails fasteners, shown above. When the Puzzle Pieces Don't Fit To determine if missing nails were antique or if they have been replaced with modern nails, look closely at the shape of the hole and the color of the wood around it. His first invention was a tack making machine which he invented at age eighteen and perfected over the next six years. Cut nails are preferred by those who are trying to keep their project historically accurate. Nelson: Nail Chronology As An Aid to Dating Old Buildings , Technical Leaflet 48.
Nails can help to define the extent of these changes. The Decorative Wrought Head nail is great to achieve the antique Colonial look. These decorative nails can be added to any of our doors, and are available in any size, style, or finish. Cutting the nails leaves a small burr along the edge as the metal is torn apart. These are hand-made iron nails from the 18th century. Some nails are galvanized after cutting. In general, any nail with molds seams or grinding marks should be considered of recent manufacture.
I have recently purchased a quick release wood vise and antique box nails from Rockler. Visser Hand-wrought nail, before circa 1800 Type A cut nail, circa 1790-1830 Type B cut nail, circa 1820-1900 Wire nail, circa 1890 to present Nails provide one of the best clues to help determine the age of historic buildings, especially those constructed during the nineteenth century, when nail-making technology advanced rapidly. The heads still had to be hammered by hand and these nails are easily confused with hand-wrought nails because they both have hand hammered rose-like heads. They did not benefit from the hand pounding reserved for the making of hand wrought nails and thus were more brittle than earlier nails. And hand-wrought nails continued to be made throughout the 19th century for certain specialty applications, such as gate building and other instances where the benefits of the clinching nail outweighed the cost of hand production. The high resistance to corrosion is due to how low carbon iron oxidizes, or rusts.
Look at the picture and notice that the nail shaft is wedge shaped. The bolt header is generally flat on top to help give the best shoulder between the bolt shaft and the head. Should i use a hammer with no indentations on the hamner face?. Once the head-stock length has been determined, nick 2 adjacent sides of the stock on an acute cold-cut hardy, not the kind with one flat side. The nails really add a nice touch to my furniture. Around 1880 came the next major leap in nail development. L-head nails were popular for finish work, trim boards, and flooring.
I was restoring an antique chest that had missing hinge cut nails and several smaller cut nails in the sides. This type of nail was made until the 1830s. With a nail heading tool, the hole through the tool is generally square to fit the requirements for making square nails. Visser Hand-wrought nail, before circa 1800 Type A cut nail, circa 1790s-1820s Type B cut nail, circa 1810s-1900s Wire nail, circa 1890s to present Nails provide one of the best clues to help determine the age of historic buildings, especially those constructed during the nineteenth century, when nail-making technology advanced rapidly. Most sites required you to buy 10 lbs, while I only needed a half dozen of each.
The only thing I wished that they came in longer length's. The 'Oliver' - a kind of work-bench, equipped with a pair of treadle operated hammers - provided a mechanism for beating the metal into various shapes but the nails were still made one at a time. With the rapid development of the Bessemer process for producing inexpensive soft steel during the 1880s, however, the popularity of using iron for nail making quickly waned. This machine had essentially three parts. Wrought iron clavos are one of the most popular elements that customers add to their medieval and and gates.